How to Grow Cabbage

Botanical Name: Brassica Oleracea Capitata

Cabbage originates from Europe and Asia. It is a leafy, cruciferous vegetable with various varieties, including green, red, and savoy cabbage, known for its versatility in cooking and high nutritional value.

Do you want to know how to grow cabbage? If so, let’s dive in.

  • How to Grow Cabbage
  • How to Grow Cabbage
Planting Guide Image

Cabbage Planting Guide

Method

Seedlings or direct

Sowing Depth

5 – 10 mm

Season

10 – 30°C

Germination

10 – 30°C

Hardiness / Life Cycle

Annual

Row Spacing

50 – 70 cm

Plant Spacing

50 cm

Position

Full Sun

Days Until Maturity

70 – 80 Days

Storage

Pickle or Ferment into Sauerkraut.

When to Plant Cabbage in Australia

What growing
region am I in?
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Cool Plantable in Jan Plantable in Feb Plantable in Mar Plantable in Apr Plantable in Aug Plantable in Sep Plantable in Oct Plantable in Nov Plantable in Dec
Temperate Plantable in Jan Plantable in Feb Plantable in Mar Plantable in Apr Plantable in Aug Plantable in Sep Plantable in Oct Plantable in Nov Plantable in Dec
Sub-Tropical Plantable in Mar Plantable in Apr Plantable in May Plantable in Jun Plantable in Jul Plantable in Aug Plantable in Sep
Tropical Plantable in Apr Plantable in May Plantable in Jun
Arid Plantable in Mar Plantable in Apr Plantable in May Plantable in Jun
Cool Temperate Sub-Tropical Tropical Arid
Jan Plantable in Jan Plantable in Jan
Feb Plantable in Feb Plantable in Feb
Mar Plantable in Mar Plantable in Mar Plantable in Mar Plantable in Mar
Apr Plantable in Apr Plantable in Apr Plantable in Apr Plantable in Apr Plantable in Apr
May Plantable in May Plantable in May Plantable in May
Jun Plantable in Jun Plantable in Jun Plantable in Jun
Jul Plantable in Jul
Aug Plantable in Aug Plantable in Aug Plantable in Aug
Sep Plantable in Sep Plantable in Sep Plantable in Sep
Oct Plantable in Oct Plantable in Oct
Nov Plantable in Nov Plantable in Nov
Dec Plantable in Dec Plantable in Dec
What growing
region am I in?

Growing Cabbage

Hey there, fellow green-thumbs! Are you looking to add some delicious and nutritious cabbage to your garden? Look no further, because I’ve got the inside scoop on how to grow this leafy wonder.

Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, growing cabbage is an easy and rewarding experience that will leave your taste buds singing with joy.

First things first, let’s talk about soil. Cabbage thrives in well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Make sure to amend your soil with compost or aged manure before planting. Cabbage also prefers a pH level between 6.0-7.5, so it may be helpful to test your soil before planting to ensure optimal growing conditions.

With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to growing hearty heads of cabbage in no time!growing experience in your Australian garden.

When to Plant Cabbage in Australia

Knowing the optimal time to plant cabbage in Australia is essential for a successful harvest. The specific timing can vary based on your location within the country.

Here are some general guidelines to help you determine when to plant cabbage:

 

  • Cool and Temperate Regions: In cool and temperate regions, such as Tasmania, Victoria, and parts of New South Wales and South Australia, it’s best to plant cabbage in early spring or late summer/early autumn. This allows the plants to grow in cooler temperatures and avoid extreme heat or frost.

 

  • Subtropical and Mediterranean Regions: In subtropical and Mediterranean regions, like Queensland and coastal New South Wales, cabbage can be planted in late autumn or winter for a harvest in the cooler months. Cooler temperatures during these seasons are favourable for cabbage growth.

 

  • Tropical Regions: In tropical regions, such as northern Queensland and the Northern Territory, cabbage can be grown during the dry season when temperatures are cooler and there is less rainfall.

 

It’s important to consider local climate conditions and consult regional planting calendars for more precise planting dates.

How Long Does It Take to Grow Cabbage

The time it takes to grow cabbage can vary depending on the cabbage variety, weather conditions, and cultivation practices. On average, cabbage takes about 70 to 120 days from planting to harvest.

Seed germination typically occurs within 5 to 10 days, after which the seedlings require care and attention. The young cabbage plants will go through different growth stages before reaching maturity.

During the vegetative growth stage, the cabbage plant develops its leaves and forms a solid head. This stage can take anywhere from 30 to 60 days, depending on the variety and growing conditions.

Once the cabbage head has reached its desired size and firmness, it is ready for harvest. Harvesting can begin as soon as the head feels solid and compact, usually around 70 to 120 days after planting.

It’s important to note that the growth rate may vary depending on factors such as temperature, sunlight, soil fertility, and cabbage variety. Regularly monitor the plants and harvest them when the heads have fully developed.

Cabbage Growing Stages

Understanding the different stages of cabbage growth will help you monitor and care for your plants effectively.

Here are the typical stages of cabbage growth:

 

  1. Seed Germination: After sowing the cabbage seeds, they will germinate within 5 to 10 days. Provide consistent moisture and maintain a temperature of around 15 to 25°C (59 to 77°F) for successful germination.

 

  1. Seedling Stage: Once the seeds have sprouted, they develop into seedlings with a few true leaves. At this stage, ensure the seedlings receive adequate sunlight or provide supplemental lighting if growing indoors. Keep the soil consistently moist and protect the seedlings from pests and diseases.

 

  1. Vegetative Growth: The vegetative growth stage involves the development of the cabbage plant’s leaves and the formation of a solid head. Ensure the plants receive full sun (at least 6 to 8 hours a day) and maintain consistent soil moisture. Apply a balanced fertiliser during this stage to support healthy growth.

 

  1. Head Formation: As the cabbage plants continue to grow, a compact head will form at the center of the plant. This process can take anywhere from 30 to 60 days, depending on the cabbage variety. Monitor the plants for pests and diseases, and provide adequate space between plants for proper head development.

 

  1. Harvesting: Harvest cabbage heads when they have reached the desired size and are firm to the touch. Cut the heads from the base of the plant using a sharp knife. It’s best to harvest in the morning when the heads are crisp and the temperatures are cooler.

 

Understanding these growth stages will help you identify any issues or deviations from normal development, allowing you to address them promptly.

How to Grow Cabbage from Seed

Growing cabbage from seed is an affordable and rewarding way to start your cabbage plants.

Here’s how to grow cabbage from seed:

 

  1. Seed Selection: Choose high-quality cabbage seeds from reputable suppliers. Consider the specific cabbage variety that suits your preferences and growing conditions.

 

  1. Starting Indoors: Start cabbage seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Use seedling trays or pots filled with seed-starting mix. Sow the seeds about 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep and keep the soil moist. Provide warmth and sufficient light until the seedlings emerge.

 

  1. Transplanting: When the seedlings have developed a few true leaves and the outdoor conditions are suitable, transplant them into the garden. Space the seedlings according to the recommended spacing for your cabbage variety.

 

  1. Outdoor Planting: Prepare the garden bed by loosening the soil and incorporating compost or well-rotted manure. Plant the seedlings at the same depth they were growing indoors. Water the seedlings thoroughly after transplanting.

 

  1. Care and Maintenance: Provide regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist, especially during dry periods. Apply a balanced fertiliser to promote healthy growth. Mulch around the plants to conserve moisture and suppress weed growth. Monitor for pests and diseases and take appropriate measures to control them.

 

  1. Harvesting: Harvest cabbage heads when they have reached the desired size and firmness. Cut the heads from the base of the plant, leaving the outer leaves intact for protection.

 

Growing cabbage from seed allows you to have control over the entire growth process, resulting in healthier and more productive plants.

How to Grow Cabbage in Pots

If you have limited space or want to grow cabbage in containers, it’s entirely possible to do so.

Here’s how to grow cabbage in pots:

  1. Container Selection: Choose a large container with a capacity of at least 19 Litres (5 gallons). Ensure the container has drainage holes at the bottom to prevent waterlogging.

 

  1. Soil and Fertiliser: Use a high-quality potting mix that provides good drainage and is rich in organic matter. Amend the potting mix with well-rotted compost or organic fertiliser for added nutrients.

 

  1. Seedlings or Transplants: Start with healthy cabbage seedlings or transplants. Place one seedling per pot, ensuring that the root ball is covered with soil and the top of the seedling is at the same level as the soil surface.

 

  1. Sunlight and Watering: Place the pots in a location that receives full sun for at least 6 to 8 hours a day. Water the cabbage plants regularly, ensuring the soil remains consistently moist but not waterlogged.

 

  1. Fertiliser: Apply a balanced fertiliser or organic amendments following the package instructions or recommendations. Cabbage plants in containers may require more frequent fertiliser than those in the ground.

 

  1. Pests and Diseases: Monitor the plants for pests and diseases, as containers can sometimes attract certain pests. Implement preventive measures, such as companion planting or organic pest control methods, to keep your cabbage plants healthy.

 

  1. Harvesting: Harvest cabbage heads when they have reached the desired size and firmness. Cut the heads from the base of the plant using a sharp knife, and remove any outer leaves that are damaged or discoloured.

 

Growing cabbage in pots is a great option for gardeners with limited space or those who want the convenience of having fresh cabbage right on their patio or balcony.